Helical Ringforcement can be made with continuously looping, 7 strand cable or in segments of one loop each. Tiers of these loops have been colored to show arrangement around dome. Naturally other building shapes are feasible for this scheme of reinforcement. Segments can be made from short sections of bamboo, metal, etc... In this CAD model my count of loops were as follows: bottom = 67, 2nd up = 63, 3rd up = 60, and 4th up =57. Each loop is about 40 inches or 240 cm. The Dome is 24 ft or just over 17 m. In reality this will vary. A ferro concrete method is contemplated here. Ferro cement users can add much smaller loop sizes of wire, to fill in gaps. Email for more configuations.The brown frame which defines the dome shape can be free form rods or poles. Recomended but not drawn are internal temporary bracing. One the other hand, mud, brick and ice domes have been made without temporary bracing as follows. The stone, ice or mud is laid up a short hieght at a time. In the case of cement, the hieght should be just under slumping. Progress is entirely dependent on temperature. In warm conditions, each layer can harden quickly, but actual conditions must be tested continuosly.

A 3D Ring Matrix:__Here is a link to some further developments with cell like reinforcement.

Too little is known about actual test comparisons between traditional reinforcement, flat spiral loops and individual "O" rings. Rings appear to have interesting test possibilities. As a low budget single handed developer, I have very little opportunity to test the many ideas presented in these www pages. The testing cannot keep up with my my conceptual exploration.

Note: These pages are placed in the public domain and are furnished "as is". The author assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of the concepts in this series. All authorities should be satisfied first, as might be required, by relevant laws, before any building proceeds.

Searching Synergy ........ Free Exchange of Ideas

Enersearch was incorporated in 1980 but never materialized financially.  A  synergy of concepts were developed and are reflected in the pages of this series.  The synergy continues as a single handed effort of Bo Atkinson, in Maine, USA.

Email comments welcome ~~~~~~~ boa1@pivot.net

Tel : 207 342 5796 . . . (Maine)